Basic Elements of Narrative



Basic to applied research: the benefits of audio-visual speech perception research in teaching foreign languages
Erdener, Dogu (Informa UK Limited, 2016-01-01)
Traditionally, second language (L2) instruction has emphasised auditory-based instruction methods. However, this approach is restrictive in the sense that speech perception by humans is not just an auditory phenomenon but a multimodal one, and specifically, a visual one as well. In the past decade, experimental studies have shown that the audio-visual aspects of speech perception have facilitative effects in L2 acquisition. This article has four theoretical and practical aims: (1) to synthesise the existing...
Aspects of Turkish Bilingualism Editorial Note
Sağın Şimşek, Sultan Çiğdem (SAGE Publications, 2019-08-01)
A note on the contact between Kurmanji Kurdish and Turkish at lexical and morphological level
Çabuk Ballı, Sakine (SAGE Publications, 2019-08-01)
Turkish-Kurdish social setting where the Turkish and Kurdish languages are in contact for a long time induces borrowing and change at different levels.This study explores the contact between Kurmanji Kurdish and Turkish that take place at both morphological and lexical level. The data consist of three hours of recordings of family talks on the phone. Corpus analysis of data obtained from audio and video recordings of a family talk on the phone was done. Preliminary findings revealed that verbs are borrowed ...
Promoting spontaneous speech in the EFL class
Norman, U (Wiley, 1996-12-01)
A common concern of teachers of English as a second or foreign language is how to stimulate their students to use English in spontaneous speech beyond the mechanical level of many textbooks. This article outlines a set of classroom activities to promote free oral interaction for EFL students at the intermediate level. Basically, an initial stage of individual preparation is recommended in order to give the students some confidence to use English freely in class. The responsibility of searching for topics an...
A note on language contact: Laz language in Turkey
Akkuş, Mehmet (SAGE Publications, 2019-08-01)
Classified as an endangered language, the Laz language is spoken in a restricted area by a small number of speakers. The contact between Turkish and Laz is intense and unidirectional in that the latter is only restrained to communication among family members in small speech communities. Contact-induced change, which is an inevitable outcome of Turkish-Laz contact, is investigated by placing special emphasis on loanwords. This paper, thus, addresses the contact between Turkish and the Laz language at lexical...
Citation Formats
N. Korkut Naykı, “Basic Elements of Narrative,” LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE, pp. 75–78, 2011, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: