The Institutionalization of Islam in Europe and the Diyanet The Case of Austria

2013-01-01
The management of religious diversity has become one of the most significant issues facing European societies in the last few decades. The increasing use of religion as an instrument of immigration policies in Europe since the late 1980s has led to various trajectories of institutionalization of Islam in European countries. In an increasing number of cases, institutionalization of Islam entails, among other things, the establishment of Muslim representative institutions. On the other hand, as it has transformed itself, since the early 1980s, from a domestic instrument of control over religion to an external instrument to consolidate national unity among indigenous or immigrant Turkish communities beyond its borders, the organizations linked to the Turkish Directorate of Religious Affairs (the Diyanet) has become an important actor in various Muslim representative institutions in Europe. This article examines the case of the institutionalization of Islam in Austria with a particular focus on the role of the Diyanet in the Islamische Glaubensgemeinschaft in ÖsterreichIGGiÖ (Islamic Religious Community in Austria). An analysis of the Diyanet’s role in and its perception of the institutionalization of Islam in Austria demonstrates both the advantages and difficulties that the Diyanet faces in promoting ‘Turkish Islam’ in Europe
OrtaDoğu Etütleri

Suggestions

The Islamism of Abdulhamid and its opposition in the last period of the Ottoman Empire
Sancak, Lütfullah; Göçer Akder, Derya; Department of Middle East Studies (2019)
Islamism is a concept that has occupied a central place in the political and intellectual life of the Muslim World since the 1860s. With different actors and varying methodologies and objectives, Islamism as a political movement has been practiced in various formations. This multiplicity has led to several conflicts among different Islamist actors. The conflict between Abdulhamid II and the Ottoman Islamist intellectuals is one of the central conflicts in Islamist political thought. Although both sides were...
Becoming european, becoming enemy: mosque conflicts and finding a permanent place for ıslam in Europe
Sarıkuzu, Hande; Yeğenoğlu, Meyda; Department of Sociology (2011)
This thesis aims to problematize the cosmopolitan-spirited quest for a proper and permanent place for Islam and Muslim immigrants in Europe today, and to claim that the efforts to establish a European Islam cannot be thought in isolation from the efforts to consolidate a European identity. Since “Europeanizing” Islam is a process of inserting it into the politically acceptable formations of the secular in the European public sphere, not only does this project fail to offer a genuine alternative framework fo...
The Factors for the rise of political Islam: Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt
Pehlivan, Arife; Tür Küçükkaya, Özlem; Department of Middle East Studies (2013)
This thesis analyzes the factors that caused the rise of political Islam by looking at the emergence and evolution of Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt. This thesis takes the view that rather than the nature of Islam, political Islam indeed, is a modern phenomenon that emerged as a reaction to the historical and contextual political and socio-economic factors that have been affecting the Muslim world. Islamists are opposing to the deficiencies of contemporary world order by using different tools and tactics from ...
The problem of multiculturalism in Turkey within the context of European integration
Güleç, Aslı; Ertuğrul, Kürşad; Department of Political Science and Public Administration (2003)
Starting from the 1970̕s, as a result of influx of immigration and of rise of ethno- cultural conflicts the issue of multiculturalism has come to become one of the significant themes of contemporary politics. In this respect, new policies have been developed in order to manage this increasing ethnic and cultural diversity. In this study it is aimed to get a critical perspective for the analysis of the question of multiculturalism in Turkey with reference to Turkey-EU relationships. As is widely accepted, th...
The Role of religion in international relations : the case of the relations between Turkey and organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)
Öztürk, Burcu; Çıtak Aytürk, Zana Ayşe; Department of International Relations (2013)
This thesis aims to research the role of religion in international relations by examining the relationship between Turkey and the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC). This relationship has strengthened since 2002. This thesis will analyze this relationship in three steps from the establishment of the OIC to present. First, the establishment of the OIC and Turkey’s OIC membership process, especially in terms of the principle of secularism will be analyzed. Second, the relationship between Turkish domes...
Citation Formats
Z. A. Çıtak Aytürk, “The Institutionalization of Islam in Europe and the Diyanet The Case of Austria,” OrtaDoğu Etütleri, pp. 167–182, 2013, Accessed: 00, 2021. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/72207.