Intumescence and pore structure of alkali activated volcanic glasses upon exposure to high temperatures

Structures formed with ground perlite, a natural volcanic glass, activated with NaOH solutions, are shown to possess the ability to expand up to ~225 % of their original volumes upon exposure to temperatures in the 200–600 °C range. Porous solid with 3-7 MPa compressive strength and ∼450 kg/m3 or higher density are obtained. The observed expansion is believed to occur due to a loss of silanol condensation water, as vapor and is accompanied by an up to ~20 % loss in mass. A drop in pH to near-neutral values supports this idea. The size and total amount of pores in the final solid are controlled by concentration of the NaOH solution and thermal processing conditions. The pores formed are observed to be ~1-10 μm to mm-sized. The ability of perlite-based solids to intumesce over specific temperature ranges could be beneficial in applications where absorption of thermal energy is necessary, such as passive fire protection.


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Citation Formats
S. T. Erdoğan, “Intumescence and pore structure of alkali activated volcanic glasses upon exposure to high temperatures,” presented at the 2015 American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, San Fransisko, 14 - 18 Aralık 2015, Amerika Birleşik Devletleri, 2015, Accessed: 00, 2021. [Online]. Available: