Referential form, word order and emotional valence in Turkish pronoun resolution in physical contact events

This study investigates the effect of information structure (revealed in SOV versus OSV orders), the type of anaphoric expression (zero versus overt pro-nouns), and the verb valence (positive valence versus negative valence) on the interpretation of ambiguous pronouns in Turkish physical contact action verbs. Turkish speaking adult participants were asked to determine the reference for a nonsense adjectival predicate in an utterance with an action verb and two clauses connected by a causal connector ‘because’. We found that there was a greater subject preference when the subject was located preverbally in the focus position. Participants linked the null pronoun to the subject in the SOV order regardless of the verb valence. In the overt pronoun condition in the SOV order, they took the overt pronoun as coreferential with the object in the positive valence verbs while linking it to the subject in the negative valence verbs. We argued that the topic shifting mission of the overt pronoun may change according to the context such that the overt pronoun shifts the topic from the subject to the object in the positive valence events while keeping the topic constant in the negative valence events. There was also an increase in the subject reference in the OSV order, which revealed that the entity salience increases with the combined effect of subject-hood and focushood. Finally, there was a greater subject preference in the posi-tive valence verbs than in negative valence verbs in the OSV order, which suggests that the information structure locating the object as the topic (i.e., given) entity might be decreasing the causality attribution to the subject in these context


Intonation structure and intonation in Svo and Ovs sentences in spoken Russian
Ghinda, Elena; Zeyrek Bozşahin, Deniz; Department of Cognitive Sciences (2010)
The purpose of this thesis is to examine the difference between SVO and OVS sentences in spoken Russian, which is a language with flexible word order although the basic order is SVO. Two experiments were conducted to understand the nature of intonation. Experiment 1 shows that the Subject appears as kontrast in OVS sentences, and as background in SVO sentences. The F0 curve rises in the Object position when the Subject is kontrast in OVS sentences. The analysis of the results of Experiment 2 shows that the ...
Aspects of control and complementation in Turkish
Yasavul, Şevket Murat; Bozşahin, Hüseyin Cem; Department of Cognitive Sciences (2009)
This thesis investigates fundamental questions surrounding the phenomenon of control, with an emphasis on control in Turkish, as well as the behaviour of control verbs in non-infinitival environments, which have received little attention previously. I focus solely on the cases of obligatory control (OC) which constitute the only kind of control that is conditioned by the matrix verb alone. This approach is couched in Combinatory Categorial Grammar (CCG) where the control verb projects the necessary syntacti...
Bidirectional pragmatic transfer : an investigation of refusal strategies of Turkish users of English
Demir, Serpil; Bear, Joshua M.; Department of Foreign Language Education (2003)
This study investigated the existence of bi-directional transfer in pragmatic abilities of Turkish users of English in their refusal strategies in terms of the frequency of direct and indirect refusal strategies, types and frequencies of the indirect strategies, and the role of the interlocutor's status in strategy choice. To this end, 30 Turkish users of English were given a discourse completion questionnaire in English and 30 Turkish users of English were given the Turkish translation iiiof the same quest...
Discourse Meaning: The View from Turkish
Zeyrek Bozşahin, Deniz; Özge, Umut (Mouton de Gruyter, 2020-05-01)
The volume aims to bring together original, unpublished papers on discourse structure and meaning from different frameworks or theoretical perspectives to address research questions revolving around issues instigated by Turkish. Another goal is to offer methodologically different solutions for the research gaps identified in individual chapters. The contributions are based on empirical generalizations and make use of, for example, computerized corpora as the data, examples compiled from naturally occurring ...
Extracting, computing, coordination: what does a triphasic ERP pattern say about language processing?
Cedden, Gülay; ÇAKAR, TUNA (2021-11-01)
The current study aims at contributing to the interpretation of the most prominent language-related ERP effects, N400 and P600, by investigating how neural responses to congruent and incongruent sentence endings vary, when the language processor processes the full array of the lexico-syntactic content in verbs with three affixes in canonical Turkish sentences. The ERP signals in response to three different violation conditions reveal a similar triphasic (P200/N400/P600) pattern resembling in topography and ...
Citation Formats
D. Özge, Referential form, word order and emotional valence in Turkish pronoun resolution in physical contact events . 2020, p. 185.