Groundwater Impact assessment of Tailings Storage Facility Western Turkey

Peksezer Sayıt, Ayşe
Yazıcıgil, Hasan
The purpose of this study is to assess potential impacts of leakage from the base of TSF on groundwater quality both in operational and post-closure period of a mine site in western Turkey. For this purpose, analytical and 2-D and 3-D numerical models are used together. The potential leakage rate of sulphate-bearing solution from the base of TSF is determined from analytical model. 2-D finite element models (SEEP/W and CTRAN/W) are used to simulate unsaturated flow conditions and advective-dispersive contaminant transport below the TSF under steady-state and transient conditions for the operating period. The long-term impacts of leakage from the base of TSF on groundwater resources are evaluated by 3-D numerical groundwater flow (MODFLOW) and contaminant transport models (MT3DMS). The model results suggest that sulphate-bearing solution leaking from the base of TSF can reach water table in about 290 years. Hence, during the operational period (i.e. 21 years), no interaction is expected between the solution and groundwater. Moreover, long-term simulation results show that about 500 years later, the sulphate concentration in groundwater will be below the maximum allowable limits (i.e. 250 mg/L).
AGU Fall Meeting 2015 (14 - 18 Aralık 2015)


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Citation Formats
A. Peksezer Sayıt and H. Yazıcıgil, “Groundwater Impact assessment of Tailings Storage Facility Western Turkey,” presented at the AGU Fall Meeting 2015 (14 - 18 Aralık 2015), 2015, Accessed: 00, 2021. [Online]. Available: