The intersection between two others, the East and the West in E.M. Forster’s A Passage to India

Şenduran, Elif, Derya
This dissertation reconsiders the intersection between the East and the West against the background of the Lacanian O/other to explore the inside/outside intricacy between the Anglo-Indians and the Indians in E. M. Forster’s A Passage to India. The moebius band trajectory is prevalent in both the narrative structure of the novel and the reversal of the characters’ relation to the external reality that generates rupture because of traumata. This eradicates intersubjectivity between the characters who lack a shared Other. Thus, the thesis also consults Bhabha’s notion of mimicry and the Saidian Other to provide a wider contextual background for the analysis. The Western binary patterns such as the coloniser/colonised, rational/irrational are incompatible with the plurality of the Indian culture and their standards of living. The dissertation claims that the ambivalence is on the side of the Anglo-Indians. Adela, and Mrs Moore experience this ambivalence resulting from the unknowability of the phenomena in A Passage to India. Their images are reversed respectively. The non-linearity and one-sidedness of the mobean structure mirror the non-linear intersubjectivity among the characters in Chandrapore. The band’s figure also emerges in the imperialistic practices of the Anglo-Indians’ discrediting the truth against the colonised and the experience of the traumatic real. Aziz’s poetry metamorphoses as his sinthome, adding coherence to his life wishing independence for the Indian women and his country. The East and the West are never mirror images of one another and they do not constitute the Lacanian O/other for each other in the novel.


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The aim of this thesis is to examine the effect of historical contradiction between nomadism and sedentarism on the transformation of the nomadic Kazakh identity by using the theoretical approaches of Ibn Khaldun and Anatoly M. Khazanov. From the 18th century to the first half of the 20th century, the relation of the Kazakh society with Tsarist Russia and the Soviet Union was one of the most clear examples of this historical conflict. The Kazakhs, who had a pastoral nomadic lifestyle during these periods, w...
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Studies on Mughal art and architecture and studies on the solar symbolisms and sacred kingship separately constitute established routes in academia and continue to inform our understanding of both the topics with established points of convergence and divergence. However, these two lines of scholarly analysis have seldom interacted and converged. Within this framework, in order to attempt to bridge this gap, the thesis aims to contextualize the characteristics of solar symbolisms that had developed and evolv...
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This dissertation examines the place of the concept of “local” in architectural historiography by focusing on the modernization process of Antalya. The analysis of the process is realized within two major contexts. On the one hand, the “peripheral” position of Antalya in canonic historiography is discussed in the frame of center-periphery relations and central-local actors; on the other hand, the developments both in the city center and its hinterlands are examined through the dualities of rural and urban, ...
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This thesis analyses the process of the creation of the Pan-European Transport Network connecting the European Union with the neighbouring regions and Caucasus and Central Asia in the long run. The thesis focuses on the incentives in establishing a continental transport network stemming from the nature of the capitalist relations between market and national and supranational forces in the margins of the global economy. In this context, the parallel processes of the acceleration of the European integration a...
Citation Formats
E. Şenduran, “The intersection between two others, the East and the West in E.M. Forster’s A Passage to India,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2020.