Modification of graphene oxide by ATRP: A pH-responsive additive in membrane for separation of salts, dyes and heavy metals

Mahmoudian, Mehdi
Ghasemıkouchameshgı, Mahmoud
Hosseinzadeh, Mohammadtaghi
Incorporation of hydrophilic multifunctional compounds in to the polymeric membrane's matrix is one of the useful methods for modification of mixed matrix membranes. Therefore, in this study, preparation and properties of polyethersulfone (PES) mixed matrix membranes with hydrolyzed polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA(hyd)) grafted on graphene oxide (GO-PMMA(hyd)) is investigated as an effective additive to improve permeability and antifouling properties. In this respect, grafting of PMMA(hyd) on the GO surface is done by atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) technique and confirm by FTIR, H NMR, EDAX and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). During membrane formation, the membrane surface porosity improves and the hydrophilic GO-PMMA(hyd) nanoparticles tend to migrate toward the membrane top surfaces which confirms by FE-SEM cross-section images. Moreover, contact angle measurements show that the surface hydrophilicity enhanced after introducing GO-PMMA(hyd). More importantly, prepared nanocomposite membranes show excellent performance in the separation of salts, dyes and heavy metal ions. Furthermore, it can be expected that by creating acid groups on graphene oxide plates, prepared mixed matrix membranes were pH-sensitive, so this claim is examined and proved in membranes.


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Incorporation of nanostructured materials into the membrane matrix is a new strategy to improve mechanical and performance properties. Graphene oxide (GO) is one of the advantageous carbon-based nanomaterials, which recently has been used extensively in this field. However, in the most cases, the surface modification of GO has been considered for the creation of new properties like a response to different stimuli such as temperature, pH, and pressure. In the present study, a well-defined poly(acrylic acid) ...
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In this study, phosphoric acid doped Polybenzimidazole/Graphene Oxide (PBI/GO) nano composite membranes were prepared by dispersion of various amounts of GO in PBI polymer matrix followed by phosphoric acid doping for high temperature proton exchange membrane fuel cell (HT-PEMFC) application. The structure of the PBI/GO composite membranes was investigated by X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The introduction of GO into the FBI polymer matri...
Citation Formats
M. Mahmoudian, M. Ghasemıkouchameshgı, and M. Hosseinzadeh, “Modification of graphene oxide by ATRP: A pH-responsive additive in membrane for separation of salts, dyes and heavy metals,” JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMICAL ENGINEERING, pp. 3122–3134, 2018, Accessed: 00, 2021. [Online]. Available: