Dilan , Ayverdi
This thesis aims to analyze the failure of political Islam in not responding to the social demands of the Iranian people with the established system after the revolution. The Islamic regime claimed to create a democratic constitution with the Islamic rule (Sharia) and an equal economic system that prioritizes the oppressed people (mustazafin) and responds to society's real expectations, which the Pahlavi monarchy had not responded. However, eliminating revolutionary forces like the socialists, nationalists, liberals, even some oppositional clerics from the newly established system and consolidation of ulema paved the way for changing the form of revolution, power-balance, and the claims of the revolution. Khomeini's Velayat-e Faqih (the Guardianship of Jurist) concept, which provides religious leaders with supra power on the state institutions and ruling the state with the Sharia, makes the ulema leading authority on the whole state system, which also paves the way for the creation of more suppression on society, corruption in economy, and inequality between the gender and class in the country instead of creating the democratic ruling system, equal economic distribution and satisfied society with responding to social demands. These social demands include a democratic election system, gender equality in the public sphere, decreasing unemployment rate, education, freedom of media, and prosperous living standard. However, the Islamic Republic of Iran could not be succesful in responding to society's demands from 1980 to 2020.


The question of the West in the ideology of revivalism : perspectives from Mawlana Abu’l- a‘la Mawdudi, Sayyid Qutb and Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini
Aras, Esra; Dağı, İhsan Duran; Department of Industrial Engineering (2008)
This thesis surveys the response of the ideology of 20th century Islamic revival to the West and the Western-inspired regimes at home. Based on J.S. Mill’s “method of difference, it compares the ideological perspectives of the prominent figures of Islamic revival: Mawlana Abu’l-A‘la Mawdudi in Indio-Pakistan, Sayyid Qutb in Egypt and Ruhollah Khomeini in Iran. In this context, it analyzes the appraisal of Islam as a total way of life in order to refute the Western tradition and refuse its interference into ...
The Factors for the rise of political Islam: Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt
Pehlivan, Arife; Tür Küçükkaya, Özlem; Department of Middle East Studies (2013)
This thesis analyzes the factors that caused the rise of political Islam by looking at the emergence and evolution of Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt. This thesis takes the view that rather than the nature of Islam, political Islam indeed, is a modern phenomenon that emerged as a reaction to the historical and contextual political and socio-economic factors that have been affecting the Muslim world. Islamists are opposing to the deficiencies of contemporary world order by using different tools and tactics from ...
Secession and fragmentation in tevhidi islamic communities: believing subject vs. believing community
Çapık, Kenan; Yıldırım, Erdoğan; Department of Sociology (2014)
This thesis aims to descriptively analyze islamist communities/NGO’s in Ankara with respect to how they construct their religious identity and we-and-others dichotomy and to understand the theoretical and practical reasons of secession and fragmentation among islamist groups and NGO’s which have been widespread since the blossoming of Islamism in Turkey. On the background I will be questioning whether Islamism intrinsically carries an exclusionist and dichotomist discourse. The study also aims to shed light...
The reform movement in Iran: discourse and deeds
Hızır, Agah; Altunışık, Meliha; Department of Eurasian Studies (2006)
The objective of this thesis is to analyze the Khatami Period of 1997-2005 in the Islamic Republic of Iran. The Reform Movement that brought Khatami to the presidency and the grounds of the incongruity between the discourse and the outcomes of the movement is examined. The reasons of this incongruity are the focus of this study. The structure of the thesis is as follows: In the first chapter, a brief summary of the history of democracy in Iran is examined, since in Iran without a historical perspective, it ...
Transformation of Turkish Islamism and the Rise of the Justice and Development Party
Şen, Mustafa (2010-01-01)
Deviating from the mainstream analyses of the AKP that see the rise of AKP to power as a result of the struggle between ocentero and operiphery,o this study is an attempt to analyze and understand the modalities of inclusion and accommodation of Turkish Islamism into the sociopolitical structure of Turkey. Therefore, it specially focuses on three interwoven processes: the articulation of Turkish Islamism with the Turkish Islamic synthesis; permanent enlargement of the religious field; and articulation betwe...
Citation Formats
A. Dilan, “FAILURE OF POLITICAL ISLAM IN RESPONDING TO SOCIAL DEMANDS: THE CASE OF THE ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAN, 1980-2020,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2021.