A post-pandemic reassessment of the New Urbanism principles

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2021-12-09
Kaya, Yasin Yağız
To live and take shelter, creating a physical environment for human beings first started with carving and then continued with the learning of constructing and building. These constructed physical environments expanded over time according to the needs and ultimately became cities. Several factors affect the physical forms of the cities. Some of these factors are directly related to human decisions, while others are independent of people. In history, cities and urban space design have continuously changed and transformed under the impacts of these factors. The literature of urban design includes several theoretical approaches debating the factors to be considered in urban design and how the changes in cities should be accordingly. Some urban design approaches have been transformed into a movement and embarked on by many people. The New Urbanism (NU) movement, which started in the United States in the 1980s, is one of these critical movements with a vision for cities future by proposing and promoting specific rules and approaches. Pandemics are factors that affect and causes changes in cities and the lifestyle of societies. There have been many pandemics throughout history. Cities, the living spaces where people interact intensively, are very suitable for diseases to spread. Hence, under the pandemic conditions, how people have to behave, and how cities should be designed are emerging research questions. This research aims to re-evaluate the design principles and strategies of the New Urbanism movement after the COVID-19 pandemic. First, it reveals the most mentioned topics related to post COVID-19 and urban design by using the systematic review method. Later, it seeks to understand which concepts of NU are compatible and incompatible with the revealed topics of the post-pandemic period. Finally, it discusses and re-evaluates the critical concepts of the NU movement that should be reconsidered in in the design of current and future cities for the post-COVID-19.

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Citation Formats
Y. Y. Kaya, “A post-pandemic reassessment of the New Urbanism principles,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2021.