Improving classification performance of endoscopic images with generative data augmentation

2022-2-8
Çağlar, Ümit Mert
The performance of a supervised deep learning model is highly dependent on the quality and variety of the images in the training dataset. In some applications, it may be impossible to obtain more images. Data augmentation methods have been proven to be successful in increasing the performance of deep learning models with limited data. Recent improvements on Generative Adversarial Networks (GAN) algorithms and structures resulted in improved image quality and diversity and made GAN training possible with limited data. The process of endoscopic imaging is essential for diseases with symptoms occurring inside the body. Medical experts use gastrointestinal endoscopic imaging to assess their patients and treat them. Ulcerative Colitis (UC) is a gastrointestinal disease where the assessment of a patient's health is done by Mayo scoring, where experts evaluate the severity of the disease symptoms. The classification of endoscopic images according to Mayo classes with deep-learning-based approaches has been studied and proven to be feasible. This thesis proposes adopting a GAN-based synthetic image generation process to increase the number of images in the dataset used by deep-learning-based methods. The results show that the classification performance of deep-learning-based approaches can be improved by 2.7% with the help of synthetic images generated by generative adversarial networks.

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Citation Formats
Ü. M. Çağlar, “Improving classification performance of endoscopic images with generative data augmentation,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2022.