Aristotle's Athenian constitution revisited: tribal origins of ancient democracy

Özbay, Kenan


Aristotle's Two Cities: Reducing Diversity to Homogeneity
Güremen, Refik (2014-01-01)
It has often been argued, in scholarly debate, that Aristotle's denial of citizenship to the working population of his ideal city in Book VII of the Politics constitutes a fundamental injustice. According to this view, although it is true that their way of life prevents them from living a morally virtuous life, it does not follow that the working people are naturally devoid of the human qualities required for such a life. So, rather than finding a just way to distribute citizenship among the diversity a cit...
Nietzsche's criticisms of Kantian morality
Binici, Başta Başar; Parkan, Barış; Department of Philosophy (2010)
The purpose of this study is to explain and evaluate Nietzsche’s criticisms of Kantian morality. Kantian morality has greatly influenced western moral thought. Nietzsche’s criticisms focus on the scientific and universal character of this philosophy. This work focuses on the ideas of ‘freedom’, ‘autonomy’, ‘individual virtues’ and ‘morality as a science’. In order to understand and analyze Nietzsche’s critiques, his epistemological criticisms are also evaluated.
Nietzsche's concept of drive and metaphor as a guide to his philosophy
Coşar, Metin; İnam, Ahmet; Department of Philosophy (1999)
Hume's moral theory as expressed in his a treatise of human nature and enquiries concerning human understanding and concerning the principles of morals
Gülcan, Nur Yeliz; Ceylan, Yasin; Department of Philosophy (2007)
The aim of this study is to examine Hume’s moral theory as expressed in his two main books, Treatise and Enquiry and to show the defects of this theory. Without explaining some basic doctrines such as moral motivation, moral judgment, sympathy, passions, virtues, justice e.t.c., it is not possible to understand Hume’s moral theory. To this aim, first, Hume’s moral theory is explained in detail. Next, in order to provide a deeper understanding of the theory, its relation with his epistemology and his aesthet...
Ünlü, Hikmet (2020-01-01)
This paper examines Aristotle's analysis of unenacted capacities to show the role they play in his discovery of the concept of actuality. I first argue that Aristotle begins Metaphysics IX by focusing on active and passive capacities, after which I discuss Aristotle's confrontation with the Megarians, the philosophers who maintain that a capacity is present only insofar as it is being enacted. Using Heidegger's interpretation as a guide, I show that Aristotle's rejection of the Megarian position leads him t...
Citation Formats
K. Özbay, “Aristotle’s Athenian constitution revisited: tribal origins of ancient democracy,” Middle East Technical University, 1994.