Enhanced bioactivity and low temperature degradation resistance of yttria stabilized zirconia/clay composites for dental applications

© 2022 Elsevier LtdYttria stabilized zirconia (YSZ)/clay composites were produced to improve osseointegration and undesired tetragonal-to-monoclinic phase transformation (low temperature degradation, LTD) of YSZ ceramics so that long-term clinical success of YSZ implants is achieved. Various amounts (0.5,1,2, and 4 wt%) of clay was incorporated to YSZ. Predetermined amounts of clay and YSZ were mixed and pressed uniaxially at 15 MPa into compacts that were subsequently pressureless sintered at 1450 °C. Density, compressive strength, hardness and indentation crack resistance of 4 wt% clay incorporated YSZ/clay composite were 5.77 ± 0.01 g/cm3, 1188 ± 121 MPa, 1223 ± 9 HV, and 4.4 ± 0.1 MPa√m, respectively. Additionally, biological properties of YSZ/clay composites were assessed in vitro using bone cells. Incorporation of 4 wt% clay significantly enhanced bone cell proliferation, spreading, and functions. Moreover, a significant increase in the LTD resistance of YSZ was achieved upon 4 wt% clay incorporation. The findings collectively suggest that YSZ/clay composites have a potential to be used as an alternative material for dental applications.
Journal of the European Ceramic Society


Enhancing biocompatibility of tantalum via anodization for orthopedic applications
Uslu, Ece; Ercan, Batur (null; 2018-12-06)
Tantalum and its alloys have been investigated as the next generation of orthopedic implant materials in the last decade. Being a valve metal, tantalum forms a naturally occurring stable oxide layer approximately 3-5 nm on its surface at ambient conditions and this layer both prevents heavy ion release from the metal and provides a natural barrier for implant corrosion. In fact, due to its chemically inert nature, tantalum has the highest corrosion resistance of all metals used in orthopedic applications. T...
Optimized spacer layer thickness for plasmonic-induced enhancement of photocurrent in a-Si:H
Saleh, Z. M.; NASSER, H; ÖZKOL, E; GÜNÖVEN, M; Abak, Musa Kurtuluş; Canlı, Sedat; Bek, Alpan; Turan, Raşit (2015-10-24)
Plasmonic interfaces consisting of silver nanoparticles of different sizes (50-100 nm) have been processed by the self-assembled dewetting technique and integrated to hydrogenated amorphous silicon (a-Si:H) using SiNx spacer layers to investigate the dependence of optical trapping enhancement on spacer layer thickness through the enhancements in photocurrent. Samples illuminated from the a-Si:H side exhibit a localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) that is red-shifted with the increasing particle size an...
In vitro and in vivo properties of graphene-incorporated scaffolds for bone defect repair
Jodati, Hossein; Yilmaz, Bengi; Evis, Zafer (2021-01-01)
The employment of graphene and its derivatives, graphene oxide and reduced graphene oxide, is extending from bioimaging and fabrications of biosensors to drug delivery and tissue engineering in the biomedical area. Graphene family-incorporated scaffolds, used in bone tissue engineering and bone regenerative medicine, profit superior properties of these materials, such as enhanced mechanical properties, large surface area, and the existence of functional groups. At the same time, problems related to cytotoxi...
Enhanced Sintering of TiNi Shape Memory Foams under Mg Vapor Atmosphere
Aydoğmuş, Tarık; Bor, Sakir (2012-12-01)
TiNi alloy foams are promising candidates for biomaterials to be used as artificial orthopedic implant materials for bone replacement applications in biomedical sector. However, certain problems exist in their processing routes, such as formation of unwanted secondary intermetallic phases leading to brittleness and deterioration of shape memory and superelasticity characteristics; and the contamination during processing resulting in oxides and carbonitrides which affect mechanical properties negatively. Mor...
Investigating the effects of hardening of aluminium alloys on equal-channel angular pressing-A finite-element study
Karpuz, P.; Simsir, C.; Gür, Cemil Hakan (Elsevier BV, 2009-03-15)
Equal-channel angular pressing (ECAP) is a promising severe plastic deformation method for production of ultrafine-grained bulk metals and alloys with considerably improved mechanical properties. In this study, numerical experiments were carried out to investigate the effect of strain hardening of aluminum alloys on the process performance of ECAP via finite element modeling. In the constitutive model, isothermal-plane strain, frictionless condition was assumed. The numerical results showed that strain hard...
Citation Formats
Y. Tufan, J. Park, A. Öztürk, and B. Ercan, “Enhanced bioactivity and low temperature degradation resistance of yttria stabilized zirconia/clay composites for dental applications,” Journal of the European Ceramic Society, vol. 42, no. 15, pp. 7300–7310, 2022, Accessed: 00, 2022. [Online]. Available: https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=85136583864&origin=inward.