Removal of cobalt from zinc sulfate solution by cementation prior to zinc electrowinning

Kayın, Pınar Burcu
The aim of this study was to investigate the removal of cobalt from zinc sulfate solution by cementation with the help of conventional and new type of additives that were 4% Sn-zinc alloy powder and 10% Sn-zinc alloy powder, respectively. Synthetic leach solutions containing 150 g/l Zn and 75 mg/l Co were prepared and used in all of the experiments. The parameters researched with the conventional method were the amount of arsenic trioxide and the effect of copper sulfate on cementation of cobalt. While using the alloys, the parameters studied were the amounts of arsenic trioxide, copper sulfate and tin containing zinc alloy powder additions, cementation duration and temperature. The difference in the optimization of alloy additions was in the amount of addition of arsenic trioxide. The amount of 4%Sn-zinc alloy powder was tried to be optimized with the addition of arsenic trioxide whereas the optimization was tried to be done without any arsenic addition while using 10%Sn-zinc alloy. The XRD and SEM studies of the cementates were also performed. The obtained results indicated that tin containing alloys were much better than pure zinc. With the additions of 4 g/l 4%Sn-Zn alloy dust, 1.2 g/l CuSO4.5H2O, 0.12 g/l As2O3 and in 2 hours of cementation duration at 85-90oC, the maximum amount of cobalt cementation efficiency was achieved. The experiments indicated that cobalt in the solution could be reduced to about 2 mg/l by using 10%Sn-zinc alloy powder with an initial Sn/Co weight ratio of 13.25:1 without the addition of arsenic trioxide at 85oC in 2 hours of cementation duration.


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Citation Formats
P. B. Kayın, “Removal of cobalt from zinc sulfate solution by cementation prior to zinc electrowinning,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2003.