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Determination of vibroacoustical behavior of plates by intensity methods

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2004
İnalpolat, Murat
In this study, sound radiation and power flow characteristics of plates which constitute the bodies of common engineering applications like cars and household appliances are investigated. Three different vibro-acoustical measurement techniques are used in an integrated manner and results obtained are compared with those obtained from analytical models developed. Two-microphone sound intensity measurement with a probe utilizing side-by-side configuration is used to analyze the near-field radiation characteristics of a square steel plate excited by a shaker at its midpoint. Surface intensity is simultaneously measured on the plate with another probe consisting of a condenser microphone and an eddy-current non-contact displacement transducer to compare the results with those obtained from two-microphone sound intensity measurement. Surface intensity is also measured with a probe consisting of a condenser microphone and an accelerometer as an alternative configuration. Structural intensity is used to identify the power flow patterns on the plate. All measurements are repeated for externally damped configuration of the same plate and results are analyzed. Easily adoptable two distinct, lumped parameter models of the plate are developed to compute the sound power radiated by the structure. In these models, the plate is modeled by employing the pulsating sphere and vibrating piston as the elementary source types, alternatively. In the model employing vibrating piston in the baffle, results are obtained with and without mutual interaction among partitions. Results obtained from these models are compared with the experimental results. Error analysis is also conducted for all of the measurement techniques employed.