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Efficient analysis of large array antennas

Ovalı, Fatih
Large phased array antennas are widely used in many military and commercial applications. The analysis of large arrays containing many antenna or frequency-selective (FSS) surface elements is inefficient or intractable when brute force numerical methods are used. For the efficient analysis of such structures hybrid methods (analytic and numerical, numerical and numerical) can be used. In this thesis, a hybrid method combining the uniform geometrical theory of diffraction (UTD) and the moment method (MoM) used for the analysis of large, finite arrays is modified for the efficient yet accurate analysis of large printed dipole arrays. In the present hybrid UTD-MoM approach, the number of unknowns to be solved is drastically reduced as compared to the conventional MoM approach, which provides a great efficiency on the computational cost. This extreme reduction in the number of MoM unknowns is carried out by introducing a few UTD-ray type global basis functions for the unknown array element currents. In this study, this hybrid UTD-MoM method is applied to the analysis of a finite, planar periodic array of printed dipoles on a grounded dielectric substrate. The efficiency and accuracy of this hybrid method are demonstrated with some numerical results.