Effects of internal, external and preference of attentional focus feedback on learning volleyball "tennis" serve of 12-13 years old children

Download
2007
Ayan, Duygu
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of internal and external focus feedback and their preference on skill learning at age of 12-13 years. Internal focus feedback related with body movements, whereas external focus feedbacks related with movement effects. As a task “tennis” service in volleyball was used for both acquisition and retention measurements. The subjects (N=78) were randomly assigned to three groups which were internal focus feedback group (IFF), external focus feedback group (EFF) and preference groups (PF). To promote learning three practice days and to assess learning one retention day was applied. Also, during these days, both technique of the skill and targeting was tried to measure. In technique measure the IFF group performed better than EFF group in acquisition and retention phases. PF group had similar scores with IFF group in acquisition phase whereas it did not show better performance than IFF group in retention phase. PF group performed better than EFF group in both phases. In product measure, significant differences between attentional focus feedback groups in acquisition and retention phases. This study indicated that for young children with limited amount of knowledge about a skill internal focus feedback is more appropriate compared to external focus feedback in terms of retention. Being able to choose among internal and external focus of attention also seems to make a difference in retention performance of novice children indicating that active participation on the learning variables is an important concept.

Suggestions

The effect of parent eduation on third grade children's social skills
Şahin, Rukiye; Sümer, Zeynep; Department of Educational Sciences (2006)
THE PURPOSE OF THE PRESENT STUDY IS TO INVESTIGATE THE EFFECTS OF PARENT EDUCATION ON THIRD GRADE CHILDREN'S SOCIAL SKILLS. THE SAMPLE OF THE STUDY COMPOSED OF 29 THIRD GRADE STUDENTS' PARENTS. THE 3X3 EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN WITH TWO TRAINING GROUPS AND ONE CONTROL GROUP AND THREE MEASUREMENTS (PRE, POST AND FOLLOW-UP) WERE USED. THE EXPERIMENTAL GROUPS RECEIVED A 10 WEEK PARENT EDUCATION WHICH WAS DEVELOPED BY THE RESEARCHER WHILE THE CONTROL GROUP DID NOT RECEIVE ANY TRAINING. IN ORDER TO ASSESS SOCIAL SKILL...
Prediction of parenting styles from child and maternal temperamental characteristics
Gölcük, Merve; Kazak Berument, Sibel; Department of Psychology (2014)
The purpose of the current study is to predict parenting styles from child and maternal temperamental characteristics in the scope of Goodness of Fit Theory. Participants were the mothers and teachers of 3 and 4 year-old children recruited from childcare centres in the low, middle and high class communities in Ankara. Mothers completed the scales assessing child temperament, adult temperament and parenting attitudes. Teachers completed the child temperament questionnaire. Three sets of hierarchical multiple...
Investigation of secondary school students' performance on proof and attitude towards proof in geometry
Çiçek, İbrahim; Bulut, Safure; Department of Secondary Science and Mathematics Education (2004)
The purpose of the study was to investigate secondary school students̕ performance on proof and attitude towards proof in geometry. The research was conducted on 367 10th grade students. The numbers of subjects were 94, 96, 90 and 87 from General High Schools (GHS), Anatolian High Schools (AHS), Science High Schools (SHS) and Private High Schools (PHS) respectively. The number of girls and boys were 142 and 225 respectively. To obtain the data of this study, the following measuring instruments were utilized...
The effect of a cognitive behavioral group counseling program on the learned resourcefulness level and automatic thought patterns of elementary school students
Güloğlu, Berna; Aydın, Gül; Department of Educational Sciences (2006)
THE PURPOSE OF THE STUDY WAS TO INVESTIGATE THE EFFECT OF A COGNITIVE BEHAVIORAL GROUP COUNSELING PROGRAM ON THE LEARNED RESOURCEFULNESS LEVEL AND AUTOMATIC THOUGHT PATTERNS OF FIFTH GRADE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL STUDENTS. THE STUDY CONSISTS OF TWO PHASES. IN THE FIRST PHASE, CHILDREN'S VERSION OF SELF-CONTROL (C-SCS) AND COGNITIVE TRIAD INVENTROY FOR CHILDREN (CTI-C) WERE GIVEN TO 232 FIFTH GRADE STUDENTS IN TWO ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS IN ANKARA. THE DIFFERENCES AMONG THE AUTOMATIC THOUGHT PATTERNS (CTI-C) OF THE STU...
Effect of visual, verbal, visual+ verbal feedback on learning of dribbling and lay up skill
Akıncı, Yasin; Kirazcı, Sadettin; Department of Physical Education and Sports (2004)
The purpose of this study was to examine how different feedback conditions effect the skill learning in basketball. Two task were selected and participants were randomly grouped and assigned to the verbal, visual + verbal, and visual feedback groups. In task one, a continuos skill of basketball, dribbling and in task two a discrete skill of basketball lay up skill were used. Two experts evaluated performances of the participants. In the study first a pre test applied to the subjects to form the groups than ...
Citation Formats
D. Ayan, “Effects of internal, external and preference of attentional focus feedback on learning volleyball “tennis” serve of 12-13 years old children,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2007.