Localization in underwater acoustic sensor networks

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2007
Işık, Mehmet Talha
Underwater Acoustic Sensor Networks (UW-ASNs) have the potential to enable many applications such as environmental monitoring, undersea exploration and distributed tactical surveillance. In order to realize the potential gains of these applications, it is essential that the sensor nodes can be accurately located in a three dimensional underwater sensor network topology. Although many localization protocols have been proposed recently for terrestrial sensor networks, the unique characteristics of the underwater acoustic communication channel, such as high and variable propagation delay, necessitate new localization protocols. In order to address this need, a localization protocol for UW-ASN, Three-Dimensional Underwater Localization (3DUL), is presented in this thesis. 3DUL achieves network-wide robust 3D localization by using a distributed and iterative algorithm. Importantly, 3DUL exploits only three surface buoys for localization. The sensor nodes leverage the low speed of sound to accurately determine the inter-node distances. We show through simulation experiments that the localization accuracy does not degrade significantly with an increase in the number of nodes, making 3DUL scalable.

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Citation Formats
M. T. Işık, “Localization in underwater acoustic sensor networks,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2007.