Detection and tracking of dim signals for underwater applications

Ermeydan, Esra Şengün
Detection and tracking of signals used in sonar applications in noisy environment is the focus of this thesis. We have concentrated on the low Signal-to-Noise Ratio (SNR) case where the conventional detection methods are not applicable. Furthermore, it is assumed that the duty cycle is relatively low. In the problem that is of concern the carrier frequency, pulse repetition interval (PRI) and the existence of the signal are not known. The unknown character of PRI makes the problem challenging since it means that the signal exists at some unknown intervals. A recursive, Bayesian track-before-detect (TBD) filter using particle filter based methods is proposed to solve the concerned problem. The data used by the particle filter is the magnitude of a complex spectrum in complex Gaussian noise. The existence variable is added in the design of the filter to determine the existence of the signal. The evolution of the signal state is modeled by a linear stochastic process. The filter estimates the signal state including the carrier frequency and PRI. Simulations are done under different scenarios where the carrier frequency, PRI and the existence of the signal varies. The results demonstrate that the algorithm presented in this thesis can detect signals which cannot be detected by conventional methods. Besides detection, the tracking performance of the filter is satisfying.


Chaotic demodulation under interference
Erdem, Özden; Demirbaş, Kerim; Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering (2006)
Chaotically modulated signals are used in various engineering areas such as communication systems, signal processing applications, automatic control systems. Because chaotically modulated signal sequences are broadband and noise-like signals, they are used to carry binary signals especially in secure communication systems. In this thesis, a target tracking problem under interference at chaotic communication systems is investigated. Simulating the chaotic communication system, noise-like signal sequences are...
S-band hybrid 4 bit phase shifter using cots components
Erkek, Eser; Demir, Şimşek; Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering (2009)
Microwave and millimeter-wave phase shifters are one of the most important structures of the antenna series that are used in communication and radar applications. They are used to form the main beam of the electronically scanned phase array antennas and generate the appropriate phase values for the antenna elements design while providing electronic beam steering. In this thesis, S-band hybrid 4 bit phase shifter of 22.5º phase resolution is designed, simulated, fabricated and measured. Bits are separately d...
Noise reduction in time-frequency domain
Kalyoncu, Özden; SÜnver, Zafer; Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering (2007)
In this thesis work, time-frequency filtering of nonstationary signals in noise using Wigner-Ville Distribution is investigated. Continuous-time, discrete-time and discrete Wigner Ville Distribution definitions, their relations, and properties are given. Time-Frequency Peak Filtering Method is presented. The effects of different parameters on the performance of the method are investigated, and the results are presented. Time-Varying Wiener Filter is presented. Using simulations it is shown that the performa...
Detection of airport runways in optical satellite images
Zöngür, Uğur; Ulusoy, İlkay; Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering (2009)
Advances in hardware and pattern recognition techniques, along with the widespread utilization of remote sensing satellites, have urged the development of automatic target detection systems. Automatic detection of airports is particularly essential, due to the strategic importance of these targets. In this thesis, a detection method is proposed for airport runways, which is the most distinguishing element of an airport. This method, which operates on large optical satellite images, is composed of a segmenta...
High performance readout electronics for uncooled infrared detector arrays
Yıldırım, Ömer Özgür; Akın, Tayfun; Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering (2006)
This thesis reports the development of high performance readout electronics for resistive microbolometer detector arrays that are used for uncooled infrared imaging. Three different readout chips are designed and fabricated by using a standard 0.6 m CMOS process. Fabricated chips include a conventional capacitive transimpedance amplifier (CTIA) type readout circuit, a novel readout circuit with dynamic resistance nonuniformity compensation capability, and a new improved version of the CTIA circuit. The fabr...
Citation Formats
E. Ş. Ermeydan, “Detection and tracking of dim signals for underwater applications,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2010.