Ensemble monte carlo simulation of quantum well infrared photodetectors, and inp based long wavelength quantum well infrared photodetectors for thermal imaging

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2006
Cellek, Oray Orkun
Quantum well infrared photodetectors (QWIP) utilize quantum wells of large bandgap materials to detect infrared radiation. When compared to conventional low bandgap LWIR photodetectors, the QWIP technology offers largest format thermal imagers with much better uniformity. The theoretical part of this study includes the development of a QWIP ensemble Monte Carlo simulator. Capture paths of electrons to quantum wells are simulated in detail. For standard AlGaAs/GaAs QWIPs, at medium and high E-fields L valley quantum well (QW) is a trap for electrons which causes higher capture probability when compared with InP/InGaAs and GaAs/InGaAs QWIPs. The results suggest that high photoconductive gain observed in InP/InGaAs and GaAs/InGaAs QWIPs is not due to good transport properties of binary barrier material but due to higher -L valley energy separation. The experimental part of the study includes the fabrication and characterization of InP/InGaAs and InP/InGaAsP QWIPs and 640x512 FPAs with the main objective of investigating the feasibility of these material systems for QWIPs. The InP/InGaAs and InP/InGaAsP QWIP detectors showed specific detectivity values above 1x1010 cm.Hz1/2/W (70K, f/2, background limited). The devices offer higher allowable system noise floor when compared with the standard AlGaAs/GaAs QWIP technology. It is also experimentally shown that for strategic applications LWIR InP based QWIPs have advantages over the standard QWIP technology. The InP/InGaAs 640x512 QWIP FPA reached 36 mK average NETD value at 70 K with f/1.5 optics and 10 ms integration time. The InP/InGaAsP QWIP on the other hand yielded 38 mK NETD histogram peak at 70 K with f/1.5 optics and 5 ms integration time on 320x256 window of the 640x512 FPA.

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Citation Formats
O. O. Cellek, “Ensemble monte carlo simulation of quantum well infrared photodetectors, and inp based long wavelength quantum well infrared photodetectors for thermal imaging,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2006.