Human serum arylesterase and glutathione s-transferase activities in patients with ischemic stroke compared to healthy controls

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2007
Türkanoğlu, Aysun
Stroke is an important public health problem and the third leading cause of death after coronary heart diesase and all cancers in all over the world. Free radicals and oxidative stress play important role in the pathogenesis of several diseases including atherosclerosis, stroke, cancer, neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's dementia. The activity of paraoxonase (PON1) aganist phenylacetate is known as arylesterase (ARE). Paraoxonase is an esterase associated with high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and contributes to the protective role of this lipoprotein on low-density lipoprotein (LDL) oxidation. Oxidized LDL is known to play a central role in early events in the progression of atherosclerosis which is a risk factor for stroke. Glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) catalyze the conjugation of nonpolar compounds to reduced glutathione (GSH) and detoxify toxic metabolites produced within the cell by oxidative stress to protect cells from oxidant injury. v The maximum ARE enzyme activity was detected at 10 mM Tris-HCl buffer, pH 8.0 and at 45 °C. ARE enzyme was saturated with its substrate phenylacetate around 20 mM concentration. The apparent Km and Vmax values of human blood serum ARE for phenylacetate were found as 1.66 mM and 3300 nmol/min/mg, respectively. The maximum GST enzyme activity was detected at 2 mM potassium phosphate buffer, pH 5.5 and at 65 °C. GST enzyme was saturated with its substrate, CDNB around 4.5 mM concentration and with its cofactor, GSH around 8 mM concentration. The apparent Km and Vmax values of human blood serum GST for CDNB substrate were found as 2.8 mM and 0.43 nmol/min/mg and for GSH were found as 4.11 mM and 0.23 nmol/min/mg, respectively. In addition, effects of three different heavy metal ions, Cd+2, Hg+2 and Ni+2, on human blood serum ARE and GST activity were studied and half maximal inhibitory concentrations (IC50) were determined. The main objective of this study was to investigate the human blood serum ARE and GST activities in patient and control groups using the optimized conditions. For this purpose, blood samples were collected from 172 ischemic stroke patients and 105 controls. Then serum obtained from blood samples were used to determine ARE and GST activities. The mean of ARE activity in patient group (n=172, 109.9 ± 32.5 U/mL ) was insignificantly lower than the mean of ARE activity in control group (n=105, 113.5 ± 33.1 U/mL, P=0.284). GST activity of the patients (10.8 ± 4.4 U/L) was insignificantly higher than that of controls (10.5 ± 4.2 U/L, P=0.483 ). In addition, statistical analysis showed hypertension, diabetes and HDL as significant risk factors of stroke.

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Citation Formats
A. Türkanoğlu, “Human serum arylesterase and glutathione s-transferase activities in patients with ischemic stroke compared to healthy controls,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2007.