An experimental study on single crystal diamond turning of optical quality silicon

Çalı, Serdal
Silicon is commonly used in infrared (IR) imaging systems. The surface quality is an important issue in optics manufacturing since surface roughness affects optical performance of imaging systems. Surface quality of an optical component is determined by number of factor, including cutting parameters; cutting speed, depth of cut and feed in radial direction. In this thesis, an experimental study has been performed to investigate the relation between cutting parameters and average roughness of the surface of silicon. In the experiments, silicon specimens, which have a diameter of 50 mm, were face turned by using a 2-axis CNC single point diamond turning machine. The specimens were machined by using either constant spindle speed or constant cutting speed. Two different tools with rake angles of -15 degrees and -25 degrees were used. The attained surfaces were measured by using a white light interferometer, which has a resolution of 0.1nm. The experiments were designed according to the “factorial design” method, considering cutting parameters. The effects of cutting parameters and tool rake angles on surface quality of silicon were observed. The best average surface roughness obtained was about 1 nm which is quite better than the acceptable average surface roughness level of 25 nm.


Conduction based compact thermal modeling for thermal analysis of electronic components
Ocak, Mustafa; Sert, Cüneyt; Department of Mechanical Engineering (2010)
Conduction based compact thermal modeling of DC/DC converters, which are electronic components commonly used in military applications, are investigated. Three carefully designed numerical case studies are carried out at component, board and system levels using ICEPAK software. Experiments are conducted to gather temperature data that can be used to study compact thermal models (CTMs) with different levels of simplification. In the first (component level) problem a series of conduction based CTMs are generat...
Optomechanical analysis and experimental validation of bonding based prism and mirror mounts in a laser system
Ünal, Uğur; Balkan, Raif Tuna; Department of Mechanical Engineering (2012)
In this thesis, different optomechanical design and adhesive configurations for mounting mirrors and prisms used in a laser system are investigated. Maintaining stability and strength of optical components of a laser device is difficult especially if the system is to be used in military environment. In order to determine the strength of prism mounts to high acceleration levels, mathematical correlations derived by Yoder are used. By use of these mathematical correlations, safety factor of different prism mo...
Investigation of wear behavior of aged and non-aged SiC-reinforced AlSi7Mg2 metal matrix composites in dry sliding conditions
ÇELİK, YAHYA HIŞMAN; Demir, Mehmet Emin; KILIÇKAP, EROL; Kalkanlı, Ali (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2020-01-01)
Metal matrix composites (MMCs) with their splendid mechanical properties have been specifically designed for use in fields such as aerospace and aviation. The presence of hard ceramic particles in MMC increases the hardness of the matrix product and decreases its coefficient of friction. Therefore, the wear resistance is improved. Moreover, the mechanical properties of these composite materials can be improved by applying heat treatments. In this study, AlSi7Mg2 MMCs with 15 wt% SiC reinforcement were produ...
Mixed-mode fracture analysis of orthotropic functionally graded materials
Sarıkaya, Duygu; Dağ, Serkan; Department of Mechanical Engineering (2005)
Functionally graded materials processed by the thermal spray techniques such as electron beam physical vapor deposition and plasma spray forming are known to have an orthotropic structure with reduced mechanical properties. Debonding related failures in these types of material systems occur due to embedded cracks that are perpendicular to the direction of the material property gradation. These cracks are inherently under mixed-mode loading and fracture analysis requires the extraction of the modes I and II ...
An accelerated aerodynamic optimization approach for a small turbojet engine centrifugal compressor
Ceylanoğlu, Arda; Ulaş, Abdullah; Department of Mechanical Engineering (2009)
Centrifugal compressors are widely used in propulsion technology. As an important part of turbo-engines, centrifugal compressors increase the pressure of the air and let the pressurized air flow into the combustion chamber. The developed pressure and the flow characteristics mainly affect the thrust generated by the engine. The design of centrifugal compressors is a challenging and time consuming process including several tests, computational fluid dynamics (CFD) analyses and optimization studies. In this s...
Citation Formats
S. Çalı, “An experimental study on single crystal diamond turning of optical quality silicon,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2008.