An experimental study into bearing of rigid piled rafts under vertical loads

Türkmen, Haydar Kürşat
In this study, the load bearing behavior of piled raft foundations is investigated performing laboratory and field tests. Piled raft foundation of a multi storey building was also instrumented and monitored in order to study the load sharing mechanism of piled raft foundations. A small reinforced concrete piled raft of 2.3 m square supported by four mini piles at the corners was loaded and contribution of the raft support up to 41 % of the total load was observed. The soil was stiff fissured Ankara clay with no ground water. A building founded on a piled raft foundation was instrumented and monitored using earth pressure cells beneath the raft during its construction period. The foundation soil was a deep graywacke highly weathered at the upper 10 m with no ground water. The proportion of load that was carried by the raft was 21 to 24 % of the total load near the edge and 44 to 56 % under the core. In the laboratory tests, model aluminum piles with outer\inner diameters of 22\18 mm and a length of 200 mm were used. The raft was made of steel plate with plan dimensions of 176 mm x 176 mm and a thickness of 10 mm. The model piles were instrumented with strain gages to monitor pile loads. Model piled raft configurations with different number of piles were tested. The behavior of a single pile and the plain raft were also investigated. The soil in the model tests was half and half sand kaolinite mixture. It has been observed that when a piled raft is loaded gradually, piles take more load initially and after they reach their full capacity additional loads are carried by raft. The proportion of load that was carried by the raft decreases with the increasing number of piles and the load per pile is decreased. Center, edge and corner piles are not loaded equally under rafts. It has been found that rafts share foundation loads at such levels that should not be ignored.


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Citation Formats
H. K. Türkmen, “An experimental study into bearing of rigid piled rafts under vertical loads,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2008.