Effects of benzene on liver, kidney and lung cyp1a, cyp2b4, cyp2e1 and cyp3a6 mrna, protein level, and drug metabolizing enzyme activities and toxicity in diabetic rabbits

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2008
Arslan, Şevki
The effects of diabetes on cytochrome P450 dependent drug metabolizing enzymes have not to be clarified yet. The most widely used animals in these studies have been rats, and information regarding the effects of diabetes on cytochrome P450 dependent procarcinogen/carcinogen metabolism in rabbits is limited. In the present study, we investigated, for the first time, the influence of benzene on liver, kidney and lung microsomal cytochrome P450 dependent drug metabolizing enzyme activities, protein and mRNA levels in diabetic and non-diabetic rabbits. Male New Zealand rabbits were made diabetic by a single dose of alloxan treatment in this study. AST, ALT and LDH enzyme activities in the blood serum and lipid peroxidation in liver microsomes were found to increase in diabetic, benzene treated and benzene treated diabetic rabbits. Besides these, CYP2E1 dependent NDMA N-demethylase and p-nitrophenol hydroxylase activities and CYP2E1 protein level were found to increase in liver and kidney of diabetic and benzene-treated rabbits. The combined effects of benzene and diabetes on these activities and protein level were found to be additive. Although diabetes caused induction of pulmonary CYP2E1 protein level and associated enzyme activities, benzene treatment of rabbits resulted in no change in enzyme activities and protein level in lung. The level of mRNA was investigated by Real-Time PCR. Accordingly, hepatic CYP2E1 mRNA level was increased 6.71-, 10.53- and 12.93-fold in diabetic, benzene treated and benzene treated diabetic rabbits with respect to the control animals. Similarly, renal CYP2E1 mRNA level was found in increase in these rabbits. In addition to CYP2E1, CYP3A6 associated enzyme activity, erythromycin N-demethylase, CYP3A6 protein and mRNA level were found to increase in diabetic rabbit liver and lung. Unlike diabetes, benzene treatment caused suppression of CYP3A6 protein and inhibition of associated enzyme activity in liver. There was no significant change in the erythromycin N-demethylase activity and CYP3A6 level of liver and lung as a result of benzene treatment of diabetic rabbits. Moreover, diabetes induced CYP1A2 protein and mRNA level and CYP1A associated enzyme activities in the rabbit liver. On the other hand, benzene caused statistically insignificant decreases in CYP1A dependent enzyme activities and CYP1A2 protein level in liver. CYP1A associated enzyme activities, CYP1A2 protein and mRNA levels were not changed in the liver of benzene treated diabetics. The results of the present work indicate that both diabetes and benzene stimulate metabolic activation toxic chemicals metabolized by CYP2E1 such as NDMA and benzene by inducing CYP2E1 which results in the formation of increased amounts of reactive metabolites. Application of benzene to diabetic rabbits further elevates expression and activities of the CYP2E1. As a result of additive induction of the CYP2E1 in benzene treated diabetics, further increase the risk of hepatotoxicity produced by toxins may be observed when compared to the separate treatments. This may in turn further potentiate the risk of organ toxicity and mutagenesis in liver and kidney of these subjects. As in the case of CYP2E1, the risk of carcinogenesis due to induction of CYP1A may be increased in diabetic subjects. Moreover, in diabetic and benzene exposed subjects, alteration of drug clearance and clinical drug toxicity may be observed due to induction or suppression of CYP3A.

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Citation Formats
Ş. Arslan, “Effects of benzene on liver, kidney and lung cyp1a, cyp2b4, cyp2e1 and cyp3a6 mrna, protein level, and drug metabolizing enzyme activities and toxicity in diabetic rabbits,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2008.