An assessment of Winkler model for simulation of shallow foundation uplift

Taymuş, Refik Burak
Foundation uplift is the partial separation of a shallow foundation from soil due to excessive load eccentricity. Foundation uplift can significantly change the seismic response of slender structures, and frames as well. In literature, different support models for foundations are employed in order to simulate foundation uplift in seismic analysis of structures. One of the most widely used models is the Winkler model which assumes distributed tensionless springs beneath a shallow foundation. In this study, two simple algorithms are developed in order to compute static and dynamic response of foundations on tensionless supports. Any formula given in literature for calculation of foundation impedance coefficients can be easily introduced in these algorithms. Hence, the use of Winkler model is critically evaluated through comparisons with the response of a foundation on elastic halfspace. For that purpose, available impedance formulas given for a shallow rectangular foundation on elastic halfspace are used. It is concluded that, the coupling between vertical displacement and rocking of foundation is very significant during uplift. Therefore, the accuracy of Winkler model in uplift v simulation is limited, since the model cannot simulate vertical and rocking response of a shallow foundation concurrently with a single spring coefficient.


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Citation Formats
R. B. Taymuş, “An assessment of Winkler model for simulation of shallow foundation uplift,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2008.