Synthesis of lithium borides by mechanochemical process

Önder, Onur
The aim of this study was to investigate synthesis of lithium borides by mechanochemical synthesis from oxides. Lithium borides have promising properties in the area of high energy additives and hydrogen storage. Lithium oxide (Li2O), boron oxide (B2O3) and Mg were used to synthesize lithium borides. Experiments were conducted in a planetary ball mill under argon atmosphere. Analyses of the products were done by X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy. Trilithium tetradecaboride (Li3B14) peaks were observed in the product powder. Removal of other phases that were formed during experiments was done by leaching in HCl/water solution. Leaching in 0.5 M HCl/water solution for 10 minutes was found to be sufficient to remove; iron (Fe) and magnesium oxide (MgO). Effects of ball milling parameters such as milling speed, ball to powder ratio, milling duration were investigated and milling for 20 hours with 300 rpm and 30:1 ball to powder ratio was found to be the optimum conditions. Syntheses of other lithium borides (LiB4, Li2B6, LiB13) were also experimented with the same milling parameters. Formation of LiB4, Li2B6 and LiB13 was not observed in the product powders. However, the results of LiB4 and LiB13 production experiments showed also Li3B14 peaks in the product. Li2B6 synthesis experiments resulted in Li2B9 peaks in the product powders.


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Citation Formats
O. Önder, “Synthesis of lithium borides by mechanochemical process,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2009.