Investigating the roles of micrornas in biotic stress responses and functional characterization of a novel ztl-type f-box protein via virus induced gene silencing

Dağdaş, Yasin Fatih
Barley and wheat are the two most important crop species in Turkey. Molecular studies for increasing crop yield of these species are very important for the economic benefits of Turkey. Powdery mildew and yellow rust are the two main pathogens, infecting barley and wheat, respectively in our country and causing a great amount of yield loss each year. Till now, classical genetics studies were performed in order to develop resistant barley and wheat cultivars, but these studies have not been succesful. Therefore, molecular plant-pathogen interactions studies are starting to become the new tool to fight against pathogens. In this thesis, two important aspects of plant microbe interactions were investigated. In the first part, the role of microRNAs (miRNAs) in powdery mildew-barley pathosysytem, and yellow rust-wheat pathosystem were studied. The expression levels of miRNAs and their putative targets were investigated via miRNA microarray analysis and qRT-PCR, respectively, in response to virulent and avirulent pathogen infections. These data were used to establish a new model for powdery mildew-barley and yellow rust-wheat pathosystems. In the second part, functional analysis of a novel F-box gene, which was a ZTL-type F-box, was performed by using Barley Stripe Mosaic Virus mediated Virus Induced Gene Silencing. This F-box gene (HvDRF) (Hordeum vulgare Disease Related F-box) was induced upon yellow rust infection and we studied its role in powdery mildew infection. The results confirmed HvDRF as a positive regulator of race specific immunity and enlarged the roles of ZTL-type F-box proteins to biotic stress responses.


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Barley is one of the most important crop species in Turkey and powdery mildew is one of the most common pathogen decreasing yield in barley. For this problem, agricultural biologists apply breeding technologies in order to select and propagate resistant barley cultivars. However, this is not a permanent solution since pathogens evolve rapidly to overcome plant resistance mechanisms. On the other hand, molecular plant pathologists are trying to understand basic mechanisms underlying plant-pathogen interactio...
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Wheat is one of the most important crop plants in the world.The production of wheat is seriously affected by biotic (pests,bacterial and fungal diseases) and abiotic (drought, salinity andfreezing) stresses. NAC family proteins (NAM/ATAF1-2/CUC2) areplant specific transcription factors and related with development,defense and abiotic stress responses.TaNAC69-1andTtNAMB2genes are the transcription factors from this protein family. Theaim of this study was to transform of some Turkish ...
Citation Formats
Y. F. Dağdaş, “Investigating the roles of micrornas in biotic stress responses and functional characterization of a novel ztl-type f-box protein via virus induced gene silencing,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2009.