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Seismic retrofitting of reinforced concrete buildings using steel braces with shear link

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2009
Durucan, Cengizhan
The catastrophic damage to the infrastructure due to the most recent major earthquakes around the world demonstrated the seismic vulnerability of many existing reinforced concrete buildings. Accordingly, this thesis is focused on a proposed seismic retrofitting system (PSRS) configured to upgrade the performance of seismically vulnerable reinforced concrete buildings. The proposed system is composed of a rigid steel frame with chevron braces and a conventional energy dissipating shear link. The retrofitting system is installed within the bays of a reinforced concrete building frame. A retrofitting design procedure using the proposed seismic retrofitting system is also developed as part of this study. The developed design methodology is based on performance-based design procedure. The retrofitting design procedure is configured to provide a uniform dissipation of earthquake input energy along the height of the reinforced concrete building. The PSRS and a conventional retrofitting system using squat infill shear panels are applied to an existing school and an office building. Nonlinear time history analyses of the buildings in the original and retrofitted conditions are conducted to assess the efficiency of the PSRS. The analyses results revealed that the PSRS can efficiently alleviate the detrimental effects of earthquakes on the buildings. The building retrofitted with PSRS has a more stable lateral force-deformation behavior with enhanced energy dissipation capability than that of the one retrofitted with squat infill shear panels. For small intensity ground motions, the maximum inter-story drift of the building retrofitted with the PSRS is comparable to that of the one retrofitted with squat infill shear panels. But for moderate to high intensity ground motions, the maximum inter-story drift of the building retrofitted with the PSRS is considerably smaller than that of the one retrofitted with squat infill shear panels.