Numerical simulations of reinforced concrete frames tested using pseudo-dynamic method

Mutlu, Mehmet Başar
Considering the deficiencies frequently observed in the existing reinforced concrete buildings, detailed assessment and rehabilitation must be conducted to avoid significant life and value loss in seismic zones. In this sense, performance based evaluation methods suggested in the regulations and codes must be examined and revised through experimental and analytical research to provide safe and economical rehabilitation solutions. In this study, seismic behavior of three reinforced concrete frames built and tested in Middle East Technical University Structural Mechanics Laboratory is examined. The specimens are extracted from a typical interior frame of 3-story 3-bay reinforced concrete structure. One of the specimens has compliant design according to Turkish Earthquake Code (2007) and each of the other two specimens represents different types of deficiencies in terms of material strength and detailing. The test specimens were modeled using different modeling approaches and nonlinear dynamic analyses were conducted on the numerical models. Results of continuous pseudo-dynamic testing of three ground motions are presented and compared with the numerical simulations on models. Calibrated finite element models were used for evaluation of performance assessment procedure of Turkish Earthquake Code (2007) and further investigation on local deformation components in light of experimental findings and observations. Deformation sources of columns and joints were studied in terms of their interaction and contributions to the total drift. Estimated plastic hinge lengths of columns were compared with the experimental observations and the proposed expressions in the literature.


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Citation Formats
M. B. Mutlu, “Numerical simulations of reinforced concrete frames tested using pseudo-dynamic method,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2012.