The Structural relationships of parenting styles, attachment dimensions, loneliness and hope

Demirli, Aylin
The present study investigated the predictors of hope among university students via a mediational causal model, in which perceived parenting styles were proposed to interact with attachment dimensions and loneliness to predict hope. The sample consisted of 550 undergraduate students (378 females, 172 males) selected from Ankara University Faculty of Educational Science by convenient sampling. Demographics Information Form, The Measure of Child Rearing Styles Inventory (CRSI), Experiences in Close Relationships-Revised Inventory (ECR-R), University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) Loneliness Scale, Dispositional Hope Scale (DHS), and State Hope Scale (SHS) were used in data collection. Reliability and validity of the scales are also assessed. Structural equation analysis was utilized to test the causal model. The results which are conducted by structural model analysis revealed that agentic and pathway thinking of state hope as well as agentic and pathway thinking of dispositional hope were positively predicted by loneliness; whereas loneliness was positively predicted by both avoidance attachment and anxiety attachment dimensions. While anxiety dimension was only predicted by perceived demandingness of mother, avoidance dimension was weakly predicted by perceived responsiveness of father. Findings are discussed within the developmental model of hope.