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The islamic state’s ideology: constitution of doctrine and territoriality through the discourses in dabiq and rumiyah

Mustapha, Ahmed Badaw
This thesis explores the constitution of the Islamic State’s (IS’s) ideology and territoriality, using Critical Constructivism as its theoretical and methodological reference. Towards this, the discourses of the IS, especially those in the Dabiq and Rumiyah magazines, were analysed using Roxanne Lynn Doty’s “Discursive Practices Approach” together with its categorising mechanisms of “presupposition”, “predication” and “subject positioning.” The discourse analyses show that the overall IS Ideology is bifurcated into doctrinal and territorial matters. In constructing its doctrine, the IS adopts and in some cases extends notions as understood by Wahhabism, Qutbism and the Sahwah Scholarship. In Wahhabism, notions regarding Tauhid/shirk, bid’a, al wala’ wal bara’ and hudud play vital role in this respect. The notions of Jahiliyyah, hakimiyah, shari’a and offensive Jihad, as utilised by the IS, have strong links with Qutbsm. The Sahwah scholarship anti-shiism, together with Hakimiyyah, Shari‘a and offensive Jihad served as an inspiration for the IS’s ideological construct, as well. The thesis argues that the IS’s doctrine could rightly be described as ‘ultra-exclusionary hybrid ideology.’ It further argues that the group’s doctrine serves as the basis for its ‘ultra-exclusionary territoriality.’ The exclusionary nature of its territoriality lies in its extreme (re) interpretations and utilisation of the notions of Dar-al Islam and Dar-al kufr as its basis. Through its roadmap to the caliphate, territorial consolidation and administration, aspects of its ‘ultra-exclusionary hybrid ideology’ could still be discerned.