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Understanding the conservation process of Gallipoli historical site

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2019
Bektaş, Bilge Nur
Various events took place in world history such as wars, migrations, genocides, and disasters. Throughout history, people have attributed values to objects and places to remember and to be remembered, aimed to transmit these values to the future, hence, the conservation field has evolved. This study aims to understand the conservation process in the Gallipoli Historical Site, which is internationally recognized as the place of the Gallipoli Campaign of WWI. The Gallipoli Campaign affected the world political history and contributes to consideration of war and peace in human history. Located in Turkey, the Gallipoli Historical Site has a special significance for Turkey, Australia, and New Zealand. Conservation and management policies have been carried out since 1970s. Within the scope of this study, The Burra Charter (2013) and value-centered conservation approach were adopted to comprehensively understand the conservation process. The historical background, cultural and natural assets, use, users and associations, related places and objects, transportation and infrastructure, risks, stakeholders, management and resources were investigated. Then, values of the place were assessed, and the obligations, constraints, problems, and opportunities were evaluated. Finally, in line with the analysis and inferences, the preliminary policies were proposed for conservation of the place. In consequence, this study aims to contribute to the understanding of conservation process of Gallipoli Historical Site, which supports the friendships between countries, societies and communities and development of the idea of peace in the world. The conservation process of place was assessed within the general conservation process in Turkey and considering international approaches.