Factors influencing the academic achievement of the Turkish urban poor

This study estimates the individual and combined effects of selected family, student and school characteristics on the academic achievement of poor, urban primary-school students in the Turkish context. Participants of the study consisted of 719 sixth, seventh, and eighth grade primary-school students from 23 schools in inner and outer city squatter settlements. The findings indicated that the set of variables comprising student characteristics, including well-being at school, scholastic activities and support, explained the largest amount of variance in academic achievement among the urban poor. Although the effect sizes are small, family background characteristics and school quality indicators were also found to be significantly related to academic achievement. The implications of this study for improving primary schools in urban poor neighborhoods are discussed.


Democratic environment in higher education: The case of a Turkish public university
ÇALIŞKAN, ÖMER; Akin, Sibel; Engin Demir, Cennet (Elsevier BV, 2020-01-01)
This study describes the expectations of undergraduate students regarding the characteristics of a democratic university environment. It then goes on to explore whether there are any significant differences among the dimensions of democratic university environment, namely respect for ideas, participation in decision-making, and promotion of tolerance. Last, it examines the effects of certain variables (gender, student club attendance, newspaper reading, and home residence) on student perceptions of their un...
Challenges of primary education in Turkey: Priorities of parents and professionals
Demir, Cennet Engin; Paykoc, Fersun (Elsevier BV, 2006-11-01)
This article investigates the major issues and problems of Turkish society that may have an impact on people's daily lives, and the characteristics required of primary school graduates as citizens in response to those issues and problems from the perspectives of parents and educational professionals. Data was collected from 407 parents and 389 professionals using three questionnaires developed by the researchers. Results indicated that priority challenges of primary education were considered to relate to pe...
Effects of family background characteristics on educational participation in Turkey
Smits, Jeroen; Hoşgör, Hatice Ayşe (Elsevier BV, 2006-09-01)
We study family background effects on participation in primary and secondary education of children in Turkey using large representative data sets. Educational participation, especially of girls, is found to be still a major concern, with non-enrollment being especially high in the countryside and the eastern part of the country. Parental education, number of siblings, household income, occupation of the father, traditionality of the mother and the mother's ability to speak Turkish are major factors affectin...
Perceptions of different socio-economic status groups living in Ankara
Ekici, Barış; Rittersberger Tılıç, Helga İda; Department of Sociology (2004)
The aim of this study is to compare the cognitive maps of different socio-economic status groups living in Ankara. In-group and inter-group relations of divergent socio-economic status groups are the main focus of the study. In this perspective, perceptions of urban social space are examined in order to comprehend the in-group and inter-relations. Discussions are held both at city level and neighborhood level. These discussions are based on the research that was conducted between September 2003- February 20...
Factors affecting scientific literacy of students in Turkey in programme for international student assessment (Pisa)
Erbaş, Kadir Can; Berberoğlu, Halil Giray; Department of Secondary Science and Mathematics Education (2005)
The purpose of this study is to examine the factors that are related to scientific literacy of 15-year old students in Turkey in the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) data. Two groups of variables were considered for the analyses. In the first group; number of books at home and attendance to preschool, attitudes towards school, student-teacher relation, feeling of loneliness, remedial study and homework and attending out-of-school courses were taken as variables that are related to scien...
Citation Formats
C. Engin Demir, “Factors influencing the academic achievement of the Turkish urban poor,” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT, pp. 17–29, 2009, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/48287.