Self-related differences in future time orientations

İmamoğlu, Emine Olcay
Guler-Edwards, Ayca
The aim of the present study was to explore patterns in Turkish university students' orientations toward the future, and to investigate how those orientations differed according to their self-types, as suggested by the Balanced Integration and Differentiation (BID) Model (Imamoglu, 1995; 1998; 2003). Accordingly, Attitudes toward the Future Scale, developed for the present purposes, Positive Future Expectations Scale (Imamoglu, 2001), Future Time Orientation Scale (Gjesme, 1979), and the BID Scale (Imamoglu, 1998; 2003) were administered to 295 Turkish university students (170 women, 125 men), who participated in the study. Comparisons of the data from the scales used suggested that it was meaningful to conceptualize the participants future orientations as Positive, Anxious, and Planned. In terms of self-related differences, respondents with related-individuated and separated-patterned self-types, proposed by the BID Model to represent the most balanced and unbalanced self-types, respectively, significantly differed from each other in that the former group seemed to have a more favorable outlook toward the future. Theoretical implications of the findings are discussed in the frame work of future attitudes and the BID Model.


Relationship between values and culture
Dirilen, Özlem; Sümer, Nebi; Department of European Studies (2006)
The objectives of the present study were (1) to examine the relationship between culture and value concepts, (2) to compare Post-communist Turkic students studying in Turkish universities and Turkish university students based on their value structures, and (3) to attempt to integrate Triandis’ and Schwartz’s conceptualizations of culture. The sample of this study consisted of Turkish university students (N=292) and Post-communist Turkic students studying in Turkish universities (N=299). Individualism-Collec...
Fairness Perceptions of Selection Instruments Used in Turkey
Bilgiç, Reyhan (2010-06-01)
The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between the goal orientation of individuals and their reactions to three different selection instruments used in Turkey. A sample of 154 engineering students from a university rated the favorability and fairness perceptions of these instruments, namely, interview, personality and science achievement tests. The goal orientations of the participants were determined according to median values of the respected scales. A 2x3 mixed design ANOVA pointed out ...
Personal and Contextual Factors Associated With Students' Cheating in Science
Taş, Yasemin; Öztekin, Ceren (Informa UK Limited, 2010-01-01)
The authors conducted a correlational study to investigate the relations among seventh-grade Turkish students' cheating behavior, academic self-efficacy beliefs, usage of self-handicapping strategies, personal goal orientations, and classroom goal structures specific to the science domain. The Patterns of Adaptive Learning Scales was administered to 1,950 seventh-grade students enrolled in 12 public schools. The authors conducted hierarchical linear modeling analyses to measure to what extent personal and c...
A Comparison of Human Values Among Students From Postcommunist Turkic Republics and Turkey
Dirilen-Gumus, Ozlem; Sümer, Nebi (2013-11-01)
This study aims to compare the value structure of university students from postcommunist Turkic republics and Turkey within the framework of Schwartz and Bardi's (1997) acclimation and compensation hypothesis. Participants from four Turkic republics (N = 269; Turkmenistan, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, and Azerbaijan) and Turkey (N = 286) completed the Portrait Values Questionnaire. The results indicated that students from postcommunist countries reported higher levels of embeddedness and lower levels of intellec...
Value domains of Turkish adults and university students
Aygun, ZK; İmamoğlu, Emine Olcay (2002-06-01)
The authors identified the basic dimensions of contemporary values among Turkish university students and adults and explored gender and group (adults vs. students) differences in the importance attributed to particular value types. The authors administered a composite value survey to 10 1 students from different departments of Middle East Technical University and 10 1 adults from different parts of Ankara. Factor analysis yielded 5 value domains: self-enhancement, tradition-religiosity, universalism, benevo...
Citation Formats
E. O. İmamoğlu and A. Guler-Edwards, “Self-related differences in future time orientations,” TURK PSIKOLOJI DERGISI, pp. 115–138, 2007, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: