Phylogeny and genetic variation of Reticulitermes (Isoptera : Rhinotermitidae) from the eastern Mediterranean and Middle East

Austin, James W.
Szalanski, Allen L.
Ghayourfar, Rahim
Kence, Aykut
Gold, Roger E.
Recent genetic evaluations of R. lucifugus from France and Italy with R. lucifugus from Turkey suggests that these geographic groups likely constitute separate species. A more extensive review of eastern Mediterranean termites is needed to clarify their respective classifications. DNA sequencing analysis of the mitochondrial 16S rRNA region was used to examine genetic variation in the termite genus Reticulitermes Holmgren from eastern Europe and the Middle East. Sequencing of a 438 bp region from 39 individuals and from 3 sequences obtained from GenBank revealed 47 polymorphic sites within the genus. Tajima-Nei distances from species ranged from 0.0 to 4.9%, and parsimony and maximum likelihood analysis revealed clades within the genus which follow biogeographic patterns of dispersal that may support recent glacial refugia theories. European Reticulitermes were delimited from Turkish R. lucifugus with samples from Greece, Israel, and Iran. Reticulitermes lucifugus from Turkey share a topology with R. clypeatus from Israel and R. sp. from Iran, which were distinct relative to other Reticulitermes from Eastern Europe. There was some genetic support for combining R. balkanensis to this group. However, this study suggests that Reticulitermes from this region likely constitute two genetically isolated, but sympatric populations which have not been resolved with morphological examinations, but are clearly different from the R. lucifugus complex from Europe.


Phylogeography and Population Genetics of Honey Bees (Apis mellifera) From Turkey Based on COI-COII Sequence Data
Solorzano, Cesar D.; Szalanski, Allen L.; Kence, Meral; McKern, Jackie A.; Austin, James W.; Kence, Aykut (2009-01-01)
A study that involved DNA sequencing of COI-COII intergenic region of the mitochondrial DNA genome of Apis mellifera honey bees from Turkey was conducted to determine the population genetics and phylogeographic structure of this species from seven distinct areas of Turkey. From the 132 honey bees subjected to DNA sequencing, a total of 12 mitotypes of A. mellifera "C" lineage were observed, of which only one mitotype, C 13, had been reported previously. The most common mitotype, C12, accounted for 47% of th...
Genetic diversity of native and crossbreed sheep breeds in Anatolia
Koban, Evren; Togan, İnci Zehra; Department of Biology (2004)
In this study the genetic diversity in Turkish native sheep breeds was investigated based on microsatellite DNA loci. In total, 423 samples from 11 native and crossbreed Turkish sheep breeds (Akkaraman, Morkaraman, Kivircik, Ivesi, Dagliç, Karayaka, Hemsin, Norduz, Kangal, Konya Merinosu, Türkgeldi) and one Iraqi breed (Hamdani) were analyzed by sampling from breeding farms and local breeders. After excluding close relatives by Kinship analysis, the genetic variation within breeds was estimated as gene dive...
Kaya, Zeki (1994-01-01)
To determine the genetic structure of marginally located populations of Pinus nigra var pallasiana, seedlings of open pollinated families from 7 populations were raised in Kizilcahamam nursery near Ankara for 2 years. Seed weight (SW) and cone weight (CW) for families, number of cotyledon per seedling (GOT), timing of bud set in 1990 (BS90) and in 1991 (BS91), bud burst timing of seedlings in 1991 (BB91), height growth in 1991 (HT90) and final height growth in 1991 (HT91) and final diameter growth of seedli...
Genetic diversity of gazelles (gazella marica and gazella gazella) in Southeast Turkey: with a special emphasis on ongoing conservation studies of gazella marica in Turkey
Saatoğlu, Dilan; Togan, İnci Zehra; Department of Biology (2015)
The present study was conducted to confirm the recently suggested taxonomic status of gazelles in Turkey and also to investigate genetic diversity that exists between and within populations of Gazella marica (One from Kızılkuyu State Farm, Şanlıurfa, n=48; one from Erikçe State Farm, Gaziantep, n=25) and Gazella gazella (population from Kırıkhan County, Hatay, n=4). In the frame of the study, partial mtDNA cyt-b sequence (amplified by the primers: L14724, H15149), 17 microsatellite loci (RT1, ETH10, OARFCB3...
Morphometric, mtdna and microsatellite analysis in honeybee populations (apis mellifera L.) of north and northwest İran
Farhoud, Houman Jabbari; Kence, Meral; Department of Biotechnology (2004)
Morphometric measurements, mitochondrial DNA analyses and 5 microsatellite loci were used to investigate variation in the honeybee populations of Iran and comparing it with the Turkish populations. Five honeybee populations were sampled from North and west north of Iran. In morphometric aspect of the study 23 characters were measured from left forewings and hindlegs of honey bee samples. The data were analysed by multivariate statistical analyses. By using mtDNA analyses length polymorphism of the intergeni...
Citation Formats
J. W. Austin, A. L. Szalanski, R. Ghayourfar, A. Kence, and R. E. Gold, “Phylogeny and genetic variation of Reticulitermes (Isoptera : Rhinotermitidae) from the eastern Mediterranean and Middle East,” SOCIOBIOLOGY, pp. 873–890, 2006, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: