The association between perceived parenting and adulthood anxiety: The mediator roles of emotion regulation, shame and anger

Bahtiyar, Basak
Gençöz, Tülin
Although the role of parenting on offspring's anxiety has burgeoned attention in the literature, a limited number of researches have taken into consideration maternal and paternal influence separately. Besides, the need for knowledge about the mechanisms involved in the continuity of this relationship remains. Therefore, the present study aimed to explore the relationship between perceived parenting practices and trait anxiety during adulthood through difficulty in emotion regulation (ER), shame, and anger. The study was carried out with a community sample comprised of 544 adults (408 females and 136 males) aged between 18 and 50 (M = 26.52, SD = 7.30). Data was collected through the online administration of self-report measures including Short EMBU-Own Memories of Upbringing, Test of Self-Conscious Affect-3, Trait Anger Scale, Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory-Trait Form. The results of the hierarchical regression analysis revealed that only paternal rejection and maternal overprotection were the predictors of adult anxiety. In addition, difficulty in ER, shame, and anger all had significant mediator roles in these associations. Current findings highlight the different maternal and paternal parenting that might play a role in the origin of offspring's anxiety and provide an emotional model that might explain the endurance of this impact during adulthood.


The Relationship between mothers’ parenting styles and emotion understanding of children through the mediator role of children’s perceived parenting styles of their mothers
Çalışkan, Arzu; Şahin Acar, Başak; Department of Psychology (2015)
The aim of the current study is to examine the effects of parenting styles of mothers and children’s perceived maternal parenting styles on children’s emotion understanding skills. This relationship is explored via the mediator role of perceived parenting styles of children. We recruited 130 primary school second grade children and their mothers in this study. Data was collected from children in different elementary schools in Ankara, from upper middle SES schools. Kusche Emotion Inventory, EMBU child and p...
The Effect of maternal parentification history, maternal attachment styles, socioeconomic status and children’s self-construals on parentification roles and perceived parental caregiving
Karagöbek, Ayşe Büşra; Şahin Acar, Başak; Department of Psychology (2014)
This thesis study aimed to explore how well the maternal history of parentification, adult attachment styles, self-construal of children and SES of the family contribute to explain the variability on parentification behaviors of children. The sample comprised 92 mother-child dyads. Mothers’ mean age was 40.11 (SD = 5.56), and mean education level of 2.45 (SD = 1.25). Children’s mean age was 12.56 (SD = .63). Mothers were given the Filial Responsibility Scale- Adult Version (Jurkovic, Thirkield, and Morrell,...
The Relationship between parent-child characteristics and child outcomes: mediator role of emotion-related socialization behaviors
Gölcük, Merve; Kazak Berument, Sibel; Department of Psychology (2020)
The purpose of the current study was to investigate the mediator role of emotion-related socialization behaviors (supportive and non-supportive reactions) in the relationships between child temperamental characteristics (anger/frustration and perceptual sensitivity), maternal personality traits (Agreeableness and Openness-to- experience), maternal autonomous-related self-construal and the child outcomes of emotion regulation and theory of mind. In addition, the study aimed to examine the cross-lagged relati...
The Relationship between birth order, perceived parenting styles, and early maladaptive schemas
Nilüfer, Gözde; Canel Çınarbaş, Deniz; Department of Psychology (2016)
The aim of the current study was to investigate the relationship between birth order, perceived parenting styles, and early maladaptive schemas. We aimed to investigate differences in schema domains and perceived parenting styles based on birth order status of individuals. For this purpose, 294 individuals participated in the study. They were between the ages of 18 and 30. Only participants whose parents were still married were included in the study. Also, participants were excluded if their parents had die...
The Effects of Parental Attitudes and Mothers' Psychological Well-Being on the Emotional and Behavioral Problems of Their Preschool Children
Yurdusen, Sema; EROL, NEŞE; Gençöz, Tülin (2013-01-01)
The aim of the present study was to examine the association between emotional and behavioral problems in preschool children and maternal attitudes. The predictor variables were parental attitudes, maternal depression and anxiety symptoms. Our sample consisted of the mothers of 204 preschool children attending different preschools in Ankara, Turkey. Mothers were asked to complete the parental attitude research instrument, the beck depression inventory, the trait anxiety inventory, and the child-behavior chec...
Citation Formats
B. Bahtiyar and T. Gençöz, “The association between perceived parenting and adulthood anxiety: The mediator roles of emotion regulation, shame and anger,” CURRENT PSYCHOLOGY, pp. 0–0, 2021, Accessed: 00, 2021. [Online]. Available: