Predication in Aristotle's Categories: A Response to Plato's Theory of Forms

Duran, Zeynep
This study aims to provide a textual evidence to the idea of reading the Categories of Aristotle as a criticism of the Platonic Theory of Forms, by means of Metaphysics, A, 9, 990b22-991a8 and Alexander’s commentary on it (88,5-95,2). According to the main examples of this reading from the contemporary literature, the predication theory of the Categories, conceiving being as “being something” and holding the idea that “being is said in many ways,” denies the Platonic predication theory that is expounded by the participation relation between a particular and a separate Form. The passage in the Metaphysics, where Aristotle argues against the Theory of Forms, gives the impression that Aristotle’s critique is based on his understanding of being as articulated in the Categories. Alexander’s explanatory comments support this impression by expanding these critiques considerably, in the same line with Aristotle. Holding the aforesaid two ideas of the Categories, Alexander criticizes the Theory of Forms for not explaining essential features of things and different sorts of being. As the Categories makes no reference to Plato or the Theory of Forms, I claim that this passage can serve as a direct support for this philosophical exegesis of the Categories.


Hegel and Kierkegaard on the relation between truth, selfhood and authorship
Durmuş, Sevde; Çırakman, Elif; Department of Philosophy (2018)
The primary purpose of this study is to read Hegel and Kierkegaard together by focusing on the relation of the themes of truth, selfhood and authorship. Starting with the exposition of Kierkegaard’s idea of “truth as subjectivity,” I will show how his understanding of truth is revealed throughout the journey of becoming a true self. Later, I will inquire Hegel’s understanding of truth by addressing a Kierkegaardian question regarding the place of selfhood in the search of truth. This question will direct me...
Syntactical Informational Structural Realism
Davoody Benı, Majıd (2018-12-01)
Luciano Floridi's informational structural realism (ISR) takes a constructionist attitude towards the problems of epistemology and metaphysics, but the question of the nature of the semantical component of his view remains vexing. In this paper, I propose to dispense with the semantical component of ISR completely. I outline a Syntactical version of ISR (SISR for short). The unified entropy-based framework of information has been adopted as the groundwork of SISR. To establish its realist component, SISR sh...
Ending the exile of desire in Spinoza and Hegel
Cengiz, Övünç; Çırakman, Elif; Department of Philosophy (2007)
The main objective of this master’s thesis is to analyze the place assigned to the phenomenon of desire by Hegel and Spinoza, and to show that the main difference between two philosophers in terms of their understanding of desire and human phenomenon consists in their understanding of the relation between the substance and particulars. In order to fulfill the requirements of this objective, what is focused on is, as different from a certain philosophical thought excluding desire from a true account of human...
The question of freedom in political philosophies of thomas hobbes and jean-jacques rousseau
Yiğit, Pervin; Turan, ŞHalil; Department of Philosophy (2007)
This thesis aims to examine the question of freedom in its relation to political authority in social contract theories of Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679) and Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778). In order to do that, discussions on human nature, evolution into political association and the foundations of legitimate governments are focused on. As the social contract theories of Hobbes and Rousseau mainly seek for rational justification of political obligation, the primary aim of this thesis is to analyze the nature o...
Freedom in the social context: the positions of Aristotle and Jean-Jacques Rousseau
Aytemir, Nesil; Ceylan, Yasin; Turan, Şeref Halil; Department of Philosophy (2018)
This thesis aims at examining and comparing the concept of freedom in the social context from the viewpoints of Aristotle (384–322 BC) and Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778). In order to do that, Aristotle’s ideas on slavery, the position of women in city-state, freedom of citizens, and democracy are emphasized for his position; and Rousseau’s ideas on state of nature, social contract theory, and ideal education are stressed on for his position. As both Aristotle and Rousseau mainly seek for an ideal system ...
Citation Formats
Z. Duran, “Predication in Aristotle’s Categories: A Response to Plato’s Theory of Forms,” M.A. - Master of Arts, Middle East Technical University, 2021.