Between Employment and Unemployment: Un(der)employment Experience of University Graduates Working at Chain Stores in Turkey

İnce, Halil Can
In Turkey, the rapid massification of higher education over the past fifteen years has made university education accessible to a significant portion of the population while relativizing the advantage of education in terms of finding a job. The university education, which is regarded by large portions of society as a means of securing a “white-collar” job and, therefore, “upward mobility,” has largely lost its function. In Turkey, the country with the youngest population in Europe, where one out of every ten people is enrolled in a higher education institution, youth unemployment, especially among university graduates, is one of the country’s most pressing issues. The academy’s “interest” in this rapidly growing problem is also increasing. There has been a growing body of research on the topic of white-collar unemployment in recent years, complementing the numerous macroeconomic studies. While previous research has focused on the white-collar unemployed, this study challenges the restriction of unemployment study to those “outside employment” by analyzing the experiences of university graduates working in store chains. Based on in-depth interviews with twenty two workers in store chains in Ankara and İstanbul who graduated from at least two-year university programs, this study considers this experience, which has been largely ignored under the label “underemployment,” to be a liminal experience between employment and unemployment. Therefore, while viewing the unemployment phenomenon through the eyes of university graduate chain store workers who are formally involved in employment, the study also emphasizes working relations, unionization, precariousness, and other aspects of this experience.


The Students' perceptions about e-learning in ahigher education institution in Turkey
Selman, Abdullah; Özkan Yıldırım, Sevgi; Özden, Yaşar; Department of Information Systems (2013)
E-learning is one of the common education types in Turkey elsewhere in the world because it has been a necessity for higher and continuous education of people but what about its quality? There are a diverse number of factors which affect the quality of e-learning education but one of the most important factors is the student. Because students are at the center of education and all of the teaching-learning operations are performed for them, their impressions are very important to gain idea about the quality ...
Regional Internationalization in Higher Education between Turkey and The Balkans
Kondakçı, Yaşar; Bulut Şahin, Betül; Yılık, Mehmet Ali; Engin Demir, Cennet (2016-06-01)
Although English-speaking countries are still the main destination of international students, several regional hubs have emerged as new destinations for these students. The current incoming international student population suggests that Turkey is one of these newly emerging regional hubs. In particular, students from the Balkans choose Turkey as a destination for study abroad. The aim of this qualitative study was to investigate factors motivating students from Balkan countries to choose Turkey for study ab...
The development of distance education systems in Turkey Russian Federation and Saudi Arabia
Olaf, Zawackirichter; Kondakçı, Yaşar; Svenja, Bedenlier; Utman, Alturki (2015-12-01)
In many countries, open and distance education is perceived as a way to meet the growing need for higher education. This paper explores the development of online and distance education in three countries that are still a white spot on the landscape of international distance education research although they have implemented elaborated distance education systems: Turkey, Russia and Saudi-Arabia. In order to understand the current state of distance education systems in the three countries, their respective sys...
Evaluation of a computerized language learning architecture at university level: a case study
Yazıcı, Ceylan; Çağıltay, Kürşat; Department of Computer Education and Instructional Technology (2009)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the perceived benefits of an English language learning architecture of a preparatory language school of a private university from the current students’, previous students’, teachers’ and administrators’ point of view. The study investigated the reactions towards the two parts of the learning architecture designed to teach English through a blended learning system, focusing on the system’s benefits for the students’ language skills as well as transferable skills such as ...
Institutional attitudes towards research-related academic integrity in recently internationalizing higher education institutions: A comparative analysis of Chinese and Turkish HEIs
Emil, Serap (IGI Global, 2019-01-01)
Higher education systems throughout the world are mostly based on the institutions and values of the Western education system. World university ranking systems, quality assurance mechanisms, assessment frameworks, promotion, and evaluation systems are universalized. Many universities in developing countries have now joined these ranking systems and introduced vigorous faculty promotion criteria to create world-class universities. Research reveals that those who publish in predatory journals are mostly young...
Citation Formats
H. C. İnce, “Between Employment and Unemployment: Un(der)employment Experience of University Graduates Working at Chain Stores in Turkey,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2022.