Preparation and characterization of acrylic bone cements

Endoğan, Tuğba
Acrylic bone cements are used in dentistry and orthopedic surgery to fix prosthetic devices into the bone. Bone cements transfer and distribute the applied load and increase the load-carrying capacity of the prosthesis/cement/bone system with the help of mechanical bonding between the device and the bone. In spite of all their advantages, bone cements have several drawbacks such as insufficient mechanical properties, high exothermic polymerization temperature, release of monomer to the environmental tissue and loosening of implant. Studies are being carried out to improve bone cement formulations with low curing temperature, good mechanical properties and good biocompatibility. In this study, bone cements with different compositions were prepared by using poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) microspheres, barium sulphate (BaSO4) radiopaque agent, inorganic hydroxyapatite (HA) particles and 1-dodecyl mercaptan (DDM) chain stopping agent. Mechanical and thermal properties of the prepared bone cements were examined. When 8% hydroxyapatite was added into the formulation, both tensile and compressive strengths were increased and curing temperature was decreased. Addition of 13% BaSO4 caused 0.98% and 10.29% decrease in tensile and compressive strength values, respectively. Addition of 1%, 2% and 3% DDM, relative to the amount of methyl methacrylate monomer, decreased the maximum temperature from 101.78°C to 91.80°C, 78.38°C and 71.35°C, respectively. All compositions of the prepared bone cements fulfilled the minimum compressive strength (70 MPa) requirement and the minimum curing temperature was obtained as 71.35°C. In order to have optimum desired properties, further studies to improve biocompatibility, mechanical and thermal properties of bone cements are needed.


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Citation Formats
T. Endoğan, “Preparation and characterization of acrylic bone cements,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2005.