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Optimizing transient and filtering performance of a C-type 2nd harmonic power filter by the use of solid-state switches

Gerçek, Cem Özgür
In this research work, the performance of a C-type, 2nd harmonic power filter is optimized by the use of a thyristor switched damping resistor. In the design of conventional C-type, 2nd harmonic filters; the resistance of permanently connected damping resistor is to be optimized for minimization of voltage stresses on filter elements arising from switchings in transient state and for maximization of filtering effectiveness in the steady-state. Transformer inrush current during energization of power transformers and connection of filter bank to the supply are the major causes of voltage stresses arising on filter elements in transient state. These can be minimized by designing a highly damped C-type filter (low damping resistor) at the expense of inadequate filtering performance and high losses in the steady-state. On the other hand, higher damping resistance (high quality factor) is to be chosen in the design of C-type filter for satisfactory filtering of 2nd harmonic current component at the expense of higher voltage rating for capacitor bank and hence a more costly filter bank design. This drawback of conventional C-type 2nd harmonic filter circuit can be eliminated by subdividing damping resistor into two parallel parts; one is permanently connected while the other is connected to and disconnected from the circuit by back-to-back connected thyristor assemblies. The use of light triggered thyristors provides isolation between power stage and control circuit, and hence allows outdoor installation.