Design and implementation of advanced pulse width modulation techniques and passive filters for voltage source inverter driven three-phase ac motors

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2010
Nebi, Onur Çetin
Advanced pulse width modulation (PWM) techniques such as space vector PWM, active zero state PWM, discontinuous PWM, and near state PWM methods are used in three-phase AC motor drives for the purpose of obtaining low PWM current ripple, wide voltage linearity range, and reduced common mode voltage (CMV). In some applications, a filter is inserted between the inverter and the motor for the purpose of reducing the stresses in the motor. The motor current PWM ripple components, terminal voltage overshoots, shaft voltage, and bearing currents, etc. can all be reduced by means of PWM techniques and passive filters. Various PWM techniques and passive filter types exist. This thesis studies the combinations of PWM techniques and filters and evaluates the performance of the motor drive in terms of the discussed stresses in the motor. PWM techniques are reviewed, a generalized algorithm for the implementation of PWM techniques is developed, and implementation on a 4 kW rated drive is demonstrated. Filter types are studied, among them the common mode inductor and the pure sine filter (PSF) configurations are investigated in detail. Filters are designed and their laboratory performance is evaluated. In the final stage the advanced PWM techniques and filters are combined, the incompatibility problem of discontinuous PWM methods with the PSF is illustrated. A cure based on rate of change limiter is proposed and its feasibility proven in the laboratory experiments. With the use of the proposed PWM algorithm and PSF, a motor drive with ideal DC to AC conversion stage (DC to pure sine) is achieved and its performance is demonstrated in the laboratory.

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Citation Formats
O. Ç. Nebi, “Design and implementation of advanced pulse width modulation techniques and passive filters for voltage source inverter driven three-phase ac motors,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2010.